Philip Bickler, MD, PhD

Chief of Neuroanesthesia
Director, Hypoxia Research Laboratory
Lundeberg J, Feiner JR, Schober A, Sall JW, Eilers H, Bickler PE. Increased Cytokines at High Altitude: Lack of Effect of Ibuprofen on Acute Mountain Sickness, Physiological Variables, or Cytokine Levels. High Alt Med Biol. 2018 Jun 20.
Louie A, Feiner JR, Bickler PE, Rhodes L, Bernstein M, Lucero J. Four Types of Pulse Oximeters Accurately Detect Hypoxia during Low Perfusion and Motion. Anesthesiology. 2018 Mar; 128(3):520-530.
Lipnick MS, Cahill EA, Feiner JR, Bickler PE. Comparison of Transcranial Doppler and Ultrasound-Tagged Near Infrared Spectroscopy for Measuring Relative Changes in Cerebral Blood Flow in Human Subjects. Anesth Analg. 2018 Feb; 126(2):579-587.
Schober A, Feiner JR, Bickler PE, Rollins MD. Effects of Changes in Arterial Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Partial Pressures on Cerebral Oximeter Performance. Anesthesiology. 2018 01; 128(1):97-108.
Yang N, Gabatto P, Bickler PE. Reduction in N-methyl-D-aspartate Receptor-mediated Cell Death in Hippocampal Neurons by Glucose Reduction Preconditioning. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2017 Oct; 29(4):448-457.
Srejic U, Larson P, Bickler PE. Little Black Boxes: Noncardiac Implantable Electronic Medical Devices and Their Anesthetic and Surgical Implications. Anesth Analg. 2017 07; 125(1):124-138.
Zhou R, Bickler P. Interaction of Isoflurane, Tumor Necrosis Factor-a and ß-Amyloid on Long-term Potentiation in Rat Hippocampal Slices. Anesth Analg. 2017 02; 124(2):582-587.
Bickler PE, Feiner JR, Lipnick MS, Batchelder P, MacLeod DB, Severinghaus JW. Effects of Acute, Profound Hypoxia on Healthy Humans: Implications for Safety of Tests Evaluating Pulse Oximetry or Tissue Oximetry Performance. Anesth Analg. 2017 01; 124(1):146-153.
Bickler P, Feiner J, Rollins M, Meng L. Tissue Oximetry and Clinical Outcomes. Anesth Analg. 2017 01; 124(1):72-82.
Bickler PE, Cannesson M, Shelley KH. Trends and Challenges in Clinical Monitoring: Papers From the 2015 IAMPOV Symposium. Anesth Analg. 2017 01; 124(1):2-3.
Lewin M, Samuel S, Merkel J, Bickler P. Varespladib (LY315920) Appears to Be a Potent, Broad-Spectrum, Inhibitor of Snake Venom Phospholipase A2 and a Possible Pre-Referral Treatment for Envenomation. Toxins (Basel). 2016 08 25; 8(9).
Lipnick MS, Feiner JR, Au P, Bernstein M, Bickler PE. The Accuracy of 6 Inexpensive Pulse Oximeters Not Cleared by the Food and Drug Administration: The Possible Global Public Health Implications. Anesth Analg. 2016 08; 123(2):338-45.
Bickler PE. Enough Information to Evaluate Clinical Monitors? Anesth Analg. 2016 07; 123(1):254-5.
Kulcke A, Feiner J, Menn I, Holmer A, Hayoz J, Bickler P. The Accuracy of Pulse Spectroscopy for Detecting Hypoxemia and Coexisting Methemoglobin or Carboxyhemoglobin. Anesth Analg. 2016 06; 122(6):1856-65.
Lewin MR, Samuel SP, Wexler DS, Bickler P, Vaiyapuri S, Mensh BD. Early Treatment with Intranasal Neostigmine Reduces Mortality in a Mouse Model of Naja naja (Indian Cobra) Envenomation. J Trop Med. 2014; 2014:131835.
Gregersen M, Lee DH, Gabatto P, Bickler PE. Limitations of Mild, Moderate, and Profound Hypothermia in Protecting Developing Hippocampal Neurons After Simulated Ischemia. Ther Hypothermia Temp Manag. 2013 Dec 01; 3(4):178-188.
Bickler PE, Feiner JR, Rollins MD. Factors affecting the performance of 5 cerebral oximeters during hypoxia in healthy volunteers. Anesth Analg. 2013 Oct; 117(4):813-23.
Brosnan H, Bickler PE. Xenon neurotoxicity in rat hippocampal slice cultures is similar to isoflurane and sevoflurane. Anesthesiology. 2013 Aug; 119(2):335-44.
Lewin MR, Bickler P, Heier T, Feiner J, Montauk L, Mensh B. Reversal of experimental paralysis in a human by intranasal neostigmine aerosol suggests a novel approach to the early treatment of neurotoxic envenomation. Clin Case Rep. 2013 Oct; 1(1):7-15.
Feiner JR, Rollins MD, Sall JW, Eilers H, Au P, Bickler PE. Accuracy of carboxyhemoglobin detection by pulse CO-oximetry during hypoxemia. Anesth Analg. 2013 Oct; 117(4):847-58.
Sall JW, Stratmann G, Leong J, Woodward E, Bickler PE. Propofol at clinically relevant concentrations increases neuronal differentiation but is not toxic to hippocampal neural precursor cells in vitro. Anesthesiology. 2012 Nov; 117(5):1080-90.
Bickler PE, Warren DE, Clark JP, Gabatto P, Gregersen M, Brosnan H. Anesthetic protection of neurons injured by hypothermia and rewarming: roles of intracellular Ca2+ and excitotoxicity. Anesthesiology. 2012 Aug; 117(2):280-92.
Shih J, May LD, Gonzalez HE, Lee EW, Alvi RS, Sall JW, Rau V, Bickler PE, Lalchandani GR, Yusupova M, Woodward E, Kang H, Wilk AJ, Carlston CM, Mendoza MV, Guggenheim JN, Schaefer M, Rowe AM, Stratmann G. Delayed environmental enrichment reverses sevoflurane-induced memory impairment in rats. Anesthesiology. 2012 Mar; 116(3):586-602.
Pianezza A, Salces y Nedeo A, Chaynes P, Bickler PE, Minville V. The emergence level of the musculocutaneous nerve from the brachial plexus: implications for infraclavicular nerve blocks. Anesth Analg. 2012 May; 114(5):1131-3.
Bickler PE, Fahlman CS, Gray JJ. Hypoxic preconditioning failure in aging hippocampal neurons: impaired gene expression and rescue with intracellular calcium chelation. J Neurosci Res. 2010 Dec; 88(16):3520-9.
Feiner JR, Bickler PE. Improved accuracy of methemoglobin detection by pulse CO-oximetry during hypoxia. Anesth Analg. 2010 Nov; 111(5):1160-7.
Bickler PE, Fahlman CS. Enhanced hypoxic preconditioning by isoflurane: signaling gene expression and requirement of intracellular Ca2+ and inositol triphosphate receptors. Brain Res. 2010 Jun 22; 1340:86-95.
Rubinsky L, Raichman N, Lavee J, Frenk H, Ben-Jacob E, Bickler PE. Antifreeze protein suppresses spontaneous neural activity and protects neurons from hypothermia/re-warming injury. Neurosci Res. 2010 Jul; 67(3):256-9.
Osredkar D, Sall JW, Bickler PE, Ferriero DM. Erythropoietin promotes hippocampal neurogenesis in in vitro models of neonatal stroke. Neurobiol Dis. 2010 May; 38(2):259-65.
Stratmann G, Sall JW, Bell JS, Alvi RS, May Ld, Ku B, Dowlatshahi M, Dai R, Bickler PE, Russell I, Lee MT, Hrubos MW, Chiu C. Isoflurane does not affect brain cell death, hippocampal neurogenesis, or long-term neurocognitive outcome in aged rats. Anesthesiology. 2010 Feb; 112(2):305-15.
Feiner JR, Bickler PE, Mannheimer PD. Accuracy of methemoglobin detection by pulse CO-oximetry during hypoxia. Anesth Analg. 2010 Jul; 111(1):143-8.
Bickler PE, Fahlman CS. Expression of signal transduction genes differs after hypoxic or isoflurane preconditioning of rat hippocampal slice cultures. Anesthesiology. 2009 Aug; 111(2):258-66.
Baranov D, Bickler PE, Crosby GJ, Culley DJ, Eckenhoff MF, Eckenhoff RG, Hogan KJ, Jevtovic-Todorovic V, Palotás A, Perouansky M, Planel E, Silverstein JH, Wei H, Whittington RA, Xie Z, Zuo Z. Consensus statement: First International Workshop on Anesthetics and Alzheimer's disease. Anesth Analg. 2009 May; 108(5):1627-30.
Christian SL, Ross AP, Zhao HW, Kristenson HJ, Zhan X, Rasley BT, Bickler PE, Drew KL. Arctic ground squirrel (Spermophilus parryii) hippocampal neurons tolerate prolonged oxygen-glucose deprivation and maintain baseline ERK1/2 and JNK activation despite drastic ATP loss. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2008 Jul; 28(7):1307-19.
Feiner JR, Severinghaus JW, Bickler PE. Dark skin decreases the accuracy of pulse oximeters at low oxygen saturation: the effects of oximeter probe type and gender. Anesth Analg. 2007 Dec; 105(6 Suppl):S18-23, tables of contents.
Bickler PE, Buck LT. Hypoxia tolerance in reptiles, amphibians, and fishes: life with variable oxygen availability. Annu Rev Physiol. 2007; 69:145-70.
Bickler P, Brandes J, Lee M, Bozic K, Chesbro B, Claassen J. Bleeding complications from femoral and sciatic nerve catheters in patients receiving low molecular weight heparin. Anesth Analg. 2006 Oct; 103(4):1036-7.
Bickler PE, Fahlman CS. The inhaled anesthetic, isoflurane, enhances Ca2+-dependent survival signaling in cortical neurons and modulates MAP kinases, apoptosis proteins and transcription factors during hypoxia. Anesth Analg. 2006 Aug; 103(2):419-29, table of contents.
Zhan X, Fahlman CS, Bickler PE. Isoflurane neuroprotection in rat hippocampal slices decreases with aging: changes in intracellular Ca2+ regulation and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-mediated Ca2+ influx. Anesthesiology. 2006 May; 104(5):995-1003.
Platts-Mills TF, Lewin MR, Wells J, Bickler P. Improvised cricothyrotomy provides reliable airway access in an unembalmed human cadaver model. Wilderness Environ Med. 2006; 17(2):81-6.
Bickler PE, Zhan X, Fahlman CS. Isoflurane preconditions hippocampal neurons against oxygen-glucose deprivation: role of intracellular Ca2+ and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. Anesthesiology. 2005 Sep; 103(3):532-9.
Bickler PE, Feiner JR, Severinghaus JW. Effects of skin pigmentation on pulse oximeter accuracy at low saturation. Anesthesiology. 2005 Apr; 102(4):715-9.
Gray JJ, Bickler PE, Fahlman CS, Zhan X, Schuyler JA. Isoflurane neuroprotection in hypoxic hippocampal slice cultures involves increases in intracellular Ca2+ and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Anesthesiology. 2005 Mar; 102(3):606-15.
Hedrick MS, Fahlman CS, Bickler PE. Intracellular calcium and survival of tadpole forebrain cells in anoxia. J Exp Biol. 2005 Feb; 208(Pt 4):681-6.
Liu C, Cotten JF, Schuyler JA, Fahlman CS, Au JD, Bickler PE, Yost CS. Protective effects of TASK-3 (KCNK9) and related 2P K channels during cellular stress. Brain Res. 2005 Jan 21; 1031(2):164-73.
Feiner JR, Bickler PE, Estrada S, Donohoe PH, Fahlman CS, Schuyler JA. Mild hypothermia, but not propofol, is neuroprotective in organotypic hippocampal cultures. Anesth Analg. 2005 Jan; 100(1):215-25.
Bickler PE. Clinical perspectives: neuroprotection lessons from hypoxia-tolerant organisms. J Exp Biol. 2004 Aug; 207(Pt 18):3243-9.
Paige M, Bickler PE. Falsely low pulse oximetry values in patients receiving docetaxel (Taxotere). Anesth Analg. 2004 Aug; 99(2):622-3.
Bickler PE, Warner DS, Stratmann G, Schuyler JA. gamma-Aminobutyric acid-A receptors contribute to isoflurane neuroprotection in organotypic hippocampal cultures. Anesth Analg. 2003 Aug; 97(2):564-71, table of contents.
Bickler PE, Donohoe PH. Adaptive responses of vertebrate neurons to hypoxia. J Exp Biol. 2002 Dec; 205(Pt 23):3579-86.
Bickler PE, Donohoe PH, Buck LT. Molecular adaptations for survival during anoxia: lessons from lower vertebrates. Neuroscientist. 2002 Jun; 8(3):234-42.
Serkova N, Donohoe P, Gottschalk S, Hainz C, Niemann CU, Bickler PE, Litt L, Benet LZ, Leibfritz D, Christians U. Comparison of the effects of cyclosporin a on the metabolism of perfused rat brain slices during normoxia and hypoxia. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2002 Mar; 22(3):342-52.
Sullivan BL, Leu D, Taylor DM, Fahlman CS, Bickler PE. Isoflurane prevents delayed cell death in an organotypic slice culture model of cerebral ischemia. Anesthesiology. 2002 Jan; 96(1):189-95.