Michael Gropper, MD, PhD

Professor and Chair
Biography: 

Professor and Chair
Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care

Publications: 
Donovan AL, Aldrich JM, Gross AK, Barchas DM, Thornton KC, Schell-Chaple HM, Gropper MA, Lipshutz AKM. Interprofessional Care and Teamwork in the ICU. Crit Care Med. 2018 Mar 07.
Collins S, Dykes P, Bates DW, Couture B, Rozenblum R, Prey J, O'Reilly K, Bourie PQ, Dwyer C, Greysen SR, Smith J, Gropper M, Dalal AK. An informatics research agenda to support patient and family empowerment and engagement in care and recovery during and after hospitalization. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 Feb 01; 25(2):206-209.
Gropper MA, Shafer SL. Dr Ted Eger Obituary. Anesth Analg. 2017 12; 125(6):1829-1830.
Thornton KC, Schwarz JJ, Gross AK, Anderson WG, Liu KD, Romig MC, Schell-Chaple H, Pronovost PJ, Sapirstein A, Gropper MA, Lipshutz AKM. Preventing Harm in the ICU-Building a Culture of Safety and Engaging Patients and Families. Crit Care Med. 2017 09; 45(9):1531-1537.
Roubinian NH, Looney MR, Keating S, Kor DJ, Lowell CA, Gajic O, Hubmayr R, Gropper M, Koenigsberg M, Wilson GA, A Matthay M, Toy P, Murphy EL. Differentiating pulmonary transfusion reactions using recipient and transfusion factors. Transfusion. 2017 07; 57(7):1684-1690.
Detsky AS, Gropper MA. Why Physician Leaders of Health Care Organizations Should Participate in Direct Patient Care. Ann Intern Med. 2017 03 07; 166(5):376-377.
Leslie M, Paradis E, Gropper MA, Kitto S, Reeves S, Pronovost P. An Ethnographic Study of Health Information Technology Use in Three Intensive Care Units. Health Serv Res. 2017 08; 52(4):1330-1348.
Detsky AS, Gropper MA. Why Physician Leaders of Health Care Organizations Should Participate in Direct Patient Care. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Oct 04; 165(7):519-520.
Leslie M, Paradis E, Gropper MA, Milic MM, Kitto S, Reeves S, Pronovost P. A Typology of ICU Patients and Families from the Clinician Perspective: Toward Improving Communication. Health Commun. 2017 06; 32(6):777-783.
Vacas S, McInrue E, Gropper MA, Maze M, Zak R, Lim E, Leung JM. The Feasibility and Utility of Continuous Sleep Monitoring in Critically Ill Patients Using a Portable Electroencephalography Monitor. Anesth Analg. 2016 07; 123(1):206-12.
Lipshutz AK, Feiner JR, Grimes B, Gropper MA. Predicting mortality in the intensive care unit: a comparison of the University Health Consortium expected probability of mortality and the Mortality Prediction Model III. J Intensive Care. 2016; 4:35.
Crowley JC, Gropper MA. IV Immunoglobulin: A Useful Tool for the Severe Pneumonia Toolbox? Crit Care Med. 2016 Jan; 44(1):250-1.
Lipshutz AK, Gropper MA. Intensive Care Unit-acquired Muscle Weakness: An Ounce of Prevention Is Worth a Pound of Cure. Anesthesiology. 2016 Jan; 124(1):7-9.
Paradis E, Leslie M, Gropper MA. Interprofessional rhetoric and operational realities: an ethnographic study of rounds in four intensive care units. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2016 Oct; 21(4):735-48.
Feiner JR, Gropper MA, Toy P, Lieberman J, Twiford J, Weiskopf RB. A Clinical Trial to Detect Subclinical Transfusion-induced Lung Injury during Surgery. Anesthesiology. 2015 Jul; 123(1):126-35.
Lipshutz AK, Caldwell JE, Robinowitz DL, Gropper MA. An analysis of near misses identified by anesthesia providers in the intensive care unit. BMC Anesthesiol. 2015 Jun 17; 15:93.
Romig M, Tropello SP, Dwyer C, Wyskiel RM, Ravitz A, Benson J, Gropper MA, Pronovost PJ, Sapirstein A. Developing a Comprehensive Model of Intensive Care Unit Processes: Concept of Operations. J Patient Saf. 2015 Apr 23.
Chen CL, Lin GA, Bardach NS, Clay TH, Boscardin WJ, Gelb AW, Maze M, Gropper MA, Dudley RA. Preoperative medical testing in Medicare patients undergoing cataract surgery. N Engl J Med. 2015 Apr 16; 372(16):1530-8.
Roubinian NH, Looney MR, Kor DJ, Lowell CA, Gajic O, Hubmayr RD, Gropper MA, Koenigsberg M, Wilson GA, Matthay MA, Toy P, Murphy EL. Cytokines and clinical predictors in distinguishing pulmonary transfusion reactions. Transfusion. 2015 Aug; 55(8):1838-46.
Toy P, Bacchetti P, Grimes B, Gajic O, Murphy EL, Winters JL, Gropper MA, Hubmayr RD, Matthay MA, Wilson G, Koenigsberg M, Lee DC, Hirschler NV, Lowell CA, Schuller RM, Gandhi MJ, Norris PJ, Mair DC, Sanchez Rosen R, Looney MR. Recipient clinical risk factors predominate in possible transfusion-related acute lung injury. Transfusion. 2015 May; 55(5):947-52.
Looney MR, Roubinian N, Gajic O, Gropper MA, Hubmayr RD, Lowell CA, Bacchetti P, Wilson G, Koenigsberg M, Lee DC, Wu P, Grimes B, Norris PJ, Murphy EL, Gandhi MJ, Winters JL, Mair DC, Schuller RM, Hirschler NV, Rosen RS, Matthay MA, Toy P. Prospective study on the clinical course and outcomes in transfusion-related acute lung injury*. Crit Care Med. 2014 Jul; 42(7):1676-87.
Paradis E, Leslie M, Puntillo K, Gropper M, Aboumatar HJ, Kitto S, Reeves S. Delivering interprofessional care in intensive care: a scoping review of ethnographic studies. Am J Crit Care. 2014 May; 23(3):230-8.
Gilliss BM, Gropper MA. Say no to old blood*. Crit Care Med. 2013 Nov; 41(11):2648-9.
Leslie M, Paradis E, Gropper MA, Reeves S, Kitto S. Applying ethnography to the study of context in healthcare quality and safety. BMJ Qual Saf. 2014 Feb; 23(2):99-105.
Engel HJ, Needham DM, Morris PE, Gropper MA. ICU early mobilization: from recommendation to implementation at three medical centers. Crit Care Med. 2013 Sep; 41(9 Suppl 1):S69-80.
Paradis E, Leslie M, Gropper MA, Aboumatar HJ, Kitto S, Reeves S. Interprofessional care in intensive care settings and the factors that impact it: results from a scoping review of ethnographic studies. J Crit Care. 2013 Dec; 28(6):1062-7.
Paradis E, Reeves S, Leslie M, Aboumatar H, Chesluk B, Clark P, Courtenay M, Franck L, Lamb G, Lyndon A, Mesman J, Puntillo K, Schmitt M, van Soeren M, Wachter B, Zwarenstein M, Gropper M, Kitto S. Exploring the nature of interprofessional collaboration and family member involvement in an intensive care context. J Interprof Care. 2014 Jan; 28(1):74-5.
Gropper MA. Postoperative respiratory muscle dysfunction: only the strong survive. Anesthesiology. 2013 Apr; 118(4):783-4.
Murphy EL, Kwaan N, Looney MR, Gajic O, Hubmayr RD, Gropper MA, Koenigsberg M, Wilson G, Matthay M, Bacchetti P, Toy P. Risk factors and outcomes in transfusion-associated circulatory overload. Am J Med. 2013 Apr; 126(4):357.e29-38.
Lipshutz AK, Gropper MA. Acquired neuromuscular weakness and early mobilization in the intensive care unit. Anesthesiology. 2013 Jan; 118(1):202-15.
Puntillo KA, Neuhaus J, Arai S, Paul SM, Gropper MA, Cohen NH, Miaskowski C. Challenge of assessing symptoms in seriously ill intensive care unit patients: can proxy reporters help? Crit Care Med. 2012 Oct; 40(10):2760-7.
Lipshutz AK, Gropper MA. Central venous catheters: follow the evidence, not the guidelines. Crit Care Med. 2012 Aug; 40(8):2528-9.
Toossi S, Lomen-Hoerth C, Josephson SA, Gropper MA, Roberts J, Patton K, Smith WS. Organ donation after cardiac death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Ann Neurol. 2012 Feb; 71(2):154-6.
Weiskopf RB, Feiner J, Toy P, Twiford J, Shimabukuro D, Lieberman J, Looney MR, Lowell CA, Gropper MA. Fresh and stored red blood cell transfusion equivalently induce subclinical pulmonary gas exchange deficit in normal humans. Anesth Analg. 2012 Mar; 114(3):511-9.
Toy P, Gajic O, Bacchetti P, Looney MR, Gropper MA, Hubmayr R, Lowell CA, Norris PJ, Murphy EL, Weiskopf RB, Wilson G, Koenigsberg M, Lee D, Schuller R, Wu P, Grimes B, Gandhi MJ, Winters JL, Mair D, Hirschler N, Sanchez Rosen R, Matthay MA. Transfusion-related acute lung injury: incidence and risk factors. Blood. 2012 Feb 16; 119(7):1757-67.
Gilliss BM, Looney MR, Gropper MA. Reducing noninfectious risks of blood transfusion. Anesthesiology. 2011 Sep; 115(3):635-49.
Donovan AL, Gropper MA. Prediction is very difficult, especially about the future-Niels Bohr. Crit Care Med. 2011 Aug; 39(8):2005-7.
Razonable RR, Findlay JY, O'Riordan A, Burroughs SG, Ghobrial RM, Agarwal B, Davenport A, Gropper M. Critical care issues in patients after liver transplantation. Liver Transpl. 2011 May; 17(5):511-27.
Puntillo KA, Arai S, Cohen NH, Gropper MA, Neuhaus J, Paul SM, Miaskowski C. Symptoms experienced by intensive care unit patients at high risk of dying. Crit Care Med. 2010 Nov; 38(11):2155-60.
Liu LL, Aldrich JM, Shimabukuro DW, Sullivan KR, Taylor JM, Thornton KC, Gropper MA. Special article: rescue therapies for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. Anesth Analg. 2010 Sep; 111(3):693-702.
Aldrich JM, Gropper MA. Can we predict pulmonary complications after thoracic surgery? Anesth Analg. 2010 May 01; 110(5):1261-3.
Josephson SA, Moheet AM, Gropper MA, Nichols AD, Smith WS. Ventilator-associated pneumonia in a neurologic intensive care unit does not lead to increased mortality. Neurocrit Care. 2010 Apr; 12(2):155-8.
Ong MK, Mangione CM, Romano PS, Zhou Q, Auerbach AD, Chun A, Davidson B, Ganiats TG, Greenfield S, Gropper MA, Malik S, Rosenthal JT, Escarce JJ. Looking forward, looking back: assessing variations in hospital resource use and outcomes for elderly patients with heart failure. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2009 Nov; 2(6):548-57.
Savel RH, Goldstein EB, Gropper MA. Critical care checklists, the Keystone Project, and the Office for Human Research Protections: a case for streamlining the approval process in quality-improvement research. Crit Care Med. 2009 Feb; 37(2):725-8.
Shimabukuro DW, Gropper MA. Noisy mechanical ventilation: listen to the melody. Anesthesiology. 2009 Feb; 110(2):214-5.
Lipshutz AK, Gropper MA. Perioperative glycemic control: an evidence-based review. Anesthesiology. 2009 Feb; 110(2):408-21.
Hlava N, Niemann CU, Gropper MA, Melcher ML. Postoperative infectious complications of abdominal solid organ transplantation. J Intensive Care Med. 2009 Jan-Feb; 24(1):3-17.
Sullivan K, Gropper MA. Laboratory testing guidelines in the intensive care unit: less red and more green. Crit Care Med. 2008 Nov; 36(11):3102-3.
Lipshutz AK, Fee C, Schell H, Campbell L, Taylor J, Sharpe BA, Nguyen J, Gropper MA. Strategies for success: A PDSA analysis of three QI initiatives in critical care. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2008 Aug; 34(8):435-44.
Yost CS, Gropper MA. The curse of the drinking class. Crit Care Med. 2008 Jun; 36(6):1958-9.
Liu L, Gropper MA. Tracheostomy protocol compliance: herding cats? Crit Care Med. 2008 Jun; 36(6):1959-60.
Gropper MA, Wiener-Kronish J. The epithelium in acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2008 Feb; 14(1):11-5.
Gropper MA. Multisystem organ failure: predicting the future. Anesthesiology. 2007 Jul; 107(1):6-7.
Taylor JM, Gropper MA. Critical care challenges in orthopedic surgery patients. Crit Care Med. 2006 Sep; 34(9 Suppl):S191-9.
Gajic O, Gropper MA, Hubmayr RD. Pulmonary edema after transfusion: how to differentiate transfusion-associated circulatory overload from transfusion-related acute lung injury. Crit Care Med. 2006 May; 34(5 Suppl):S109-13.
Fee C, Gropper MA. Establishing a comprehensive, evidence-based protocol for the care of patients with sepsis. Acad Emerg Med. 2005 Sep; 12(9):912-3; author reply 914.
Guglielmo BJ, Dudas V, Maewal I, Young R, Hilts A, Villmann M, Gibbs L, Gropper M, Jacobs R. Impact of a series of interventions in vancomycin prescribing on use and prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2005 Aug; 31(8):469-75.
Gropper MA. Evidence-based management of critically ill patients: analysis and implementation. Anesth Analg. 2004 Aug; 99(2):566-72.
Looney MR, Gropper MA, Matthay MA. Transfusion-related acute lung injury: a review. Chest. 2004 Jul; 126(1):249-58.
Gropper MA, Matthay MA. Look before you leap: how do intensivists improve care for critically ill patients? Am J Med. 2004 Feb 01; 116(3):206-7.
Gropper MA. Sepsis and hypothermia: call in the granulocytes? Anesthesiology. 2003 Nov; 99(5):1041-3.
Shimabukuro DW, Sawa T, Gropper MA. Injury and repair in lung and airways. Crit Care Med. 2003 Aug; 31(8 Suppl):S524-31.
Misset B, Gropper MA, Wiener-Kronish JP. Predicting mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome: circulatory system knows best. Crit Care Med. 2003 Mar; 31(3):980-1.
Liu LL, Gropper MA. Postoperative analgesia and sedation in the adult intensive care unit: a guide to drug selection. Drugs. 2003; 63(8):755-67.
Gropper MA, Wiener-Kronish J. The alveolar epithelium: suspect or innocent bystander? Anesthesiology. 2003 Jan; 98(1):3-4.
Liu LL, Gropper MA. Respiratory and Hemodynamic Management After Cardiac Surgery. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2002 Apr; 4(2):161-169.
Honors and Awards: 
3rd Henning Pontoppidan Lecture, Harvard Medical School, 2013