Martin London, MD

Professor Emeritus
Publications: 
London MJ. Type 2 Perioperative Myocardial Infarction: Can We Close Pandora's Box? Anesthesiology. 2018 Jun; 128(6):1055-1059.
London MJ, Schwartz GG, Hur K, Henderson WG. Association of Perioperative Statin Use With Mortality and Morbidity After Major Noncardiac Surgery. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 02 01; 177(2):231-242.
Skubas NJ, London MJ. We Should Train for Strain. Anesth Analg. 2017 02; 124(2):386-387.
London MJ. Preoperative Administration of Angiotensin-converting Enzyme Inhibitors or Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers: Do We Have Enough "VISION" to Stop It? Anesthesiology. 2017 01; 126(1):1-3.
Landesberg G, London MJ. The Enigma of Postoperative Troponin Elevation. Anesth Analg. 2016 07; 123(1):5-7.
Janelle GM, London MJ. Perioperative Ultrasound: The Future Is Now. Anesth Analg. 2016 06; 122(6):1734-6.
London MJ. Intraoperative Mean Blood Pressure and Outcome: Is 80 (mmHg) the "New" 60? Anesthesiology. 2016 Jan; 124(1):4-6.
London MJ. Perioperative Stress Cardiomyopathy: Case Reports Matter! A A Case Rep. 2016 Jan 01; 6(1):1-2.
Barry AE, Chaney MA, London MJ. Anesthetic management during cardiopulmonary bypass: a systematic review. Anesth Analg. 2015 Apr; 120(4):749-69.
London MJ. From Durban to Boston, a "modest proposal" to improve perioperative cardiovascular risk stratification. Anesth Analg. 2015 Mar; 120(3):515-8.
London MJ. Editorial comment: intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography to evaluate acute cessation of venous inflow during cardiopulmonary bypass. A A Case Rep. 2014 Oct 15; 3(8):98-9.
Stechert MM, London MJ. Facilitating transesophageal echocardiography probe placement by esophageal bougie in an anesthetized patient. A A Case Rep. 2014 Oct 15; 3(8):100-3.
Degos V, London MJ. Timing is everything in protecting the heart and lungs in a "sympathetic storm": a before ß? Anesthesiology. 2014 May; 120(5):1069-71.
London MJ, Schwartz GG, Henderson WG. Mortality after perioperative ß-blocker use in noncardiac surgery-reply. JAMA. 2013 Aug 14; 310(6):646.
London MJ, Hur K, Schwartz GG, Henderson WG. Association of perioperative ß-blockade with mortality and cardiovascular morbidity following major noncardiac surgery. JAMA. 2013 Apr 24; 309(16):1704-13.
Sniecinski RM, Skubas NJ, London MJ. Testing cardiac reserve: then and now. 1923. Anesth Analg. 2012 Nov; 115(5):991-2.
Hillis LD, Smith PK, Anderson JL, Bittl JA, Bridges CR, Byrne JG, Cigarroa JE, DiSesa VJ, Hiratzka LF, Hutter AM, Jessen ME, Keeley EC, Lahey SJ, Lange RA, London MJ, Mack MJ, Patel MR, Puskas JD, Sabik JF, Selnes O, Shahian DM, Trost JC, Winniford MD, Jacobs AK, Anderson JL, Albert N, Creager MA, Ettinger SM, Guyton RA, Halperin JL, Hochman JS, Kushner FG, Ohman EM, Stevenson W, Yancy CW. 2011 ACCF/AHA guideline for coronary artery bypass graft surgery: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Jan; 143(1):4-34.
Hillis LD, Smith PK, Anderson JL, Bittl JA, Bridges CR, Byrne JG, Cigarroa JE, DiSesa VJ, Hiratzka LF, Hutter AM, Jessen ME, Keeley EC, Lahey SJ, Lange RA, London MJ, Mack MJ, Patel MR, Puskas JD, Sabik JF, Selnes O, Shahian DM, Trost JC, Winniford MD. Special Articles: 2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Anesth Analg. 2012 Jan; 114(1):11-45.
Stechert MM, Pletcher JR, Tseng EE, London MJ. Echo rounds: aneurysm of the anterior mitral valve. Anesth Analg. 2012 Jan; 114(1):86-8.
Hillis LD, Smith PK, Anderson JL, Bittl JA, Bridges CR, Byrne JG, Cigarroa JE, Disesa VJ, Hiratzka LF, Hutter AM, Jessen ME, Keeley EC, Lahey SJ, Lange RA, London MJ, Mack MJ, Patel MR, Puskas JD, Sabik JF, Selnes O, Shahian DM, Trost JC, Winniford MD. 2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery. A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Developed in collaboration with the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Dec 06; 58(24):e123-210.
Hillis LD, Smith PK, Anderson JL, Bittl JA, Bridges CR, Byrne JG, Cigarroa JE, Disesa VJ, Hiratzka LF, Hutter AM, Jessen ME, Keeley EC, Lahey SJ, Lange RA, London MJ, Mack MJ, Patel MR, Puskas JD, Sabik JF, Selnes O, Shahian DM, Trost JC, Winniford MD. 2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2011 Dec 06; 124(23):e652-735.
Hillis LD, Smith PK, Anderson JL, Bittl JA, Bridges CR, Byrne JG, Cigarroa JE, Disesa VJ, Hiratzka LF, Hutter AM, Jessen ME, Keeley EC, Lahey SJ, Lange RA, London MJ, Mack MJ, Patel MR, Puskas JD, Sabik JF, Selnes O, Shahian DM, Trost JC, Winniford MD. 2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2011 Dec 06; 124(23):2610-42.
London MJ. Do let the blood pressure fall: but maybe not so much or so often. Anesth Analg. 2011 Jul; 113(1):7-9.
London MJ, Skubas NJ. Echo didactics: a new venue for basic and advanced echo education in Anesthesia & Analgesia. Anesth Analg. 2011 Jul; 113(1):10-2.
London MJ. New practice guidelines for perioperative beta blockade from the United States and Europe: incremental progress or a necessary evil? Can J Anaesth. 2010 Apr; 57(4):301-12.
Hessel EA, London MJ. Takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy and the anesthesiologist: enough case reports. Let's try to answer some specific questions! Anesth Analg. 2010 Mar 01; 110(3):674-9.
Brzezinski M, Luisetti T, London MJ. Radial artery cannulation: a comprehensive review of recent anatomic and physiologic investigations. Anesth Analg. 2009 Dec; 109(6):1763-81.
Stechert MM, London MJ. Native aortic root endocarditis with invasion of the right outflow tract. Anesth Analg. 2010 Jan 01; 110(1):36-8.
London MJ. Perioperative beta-blockade, discontinuation, and complications: do you really know it when you see it? Anesthesiology. 2009 Oct; 111(4):690-4.
London MJ. Cardiovascular problems in noncardiac surgery. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2009 Aug; 15(4):333-41.
Stechert MM, London MJ. Aortic sinotubular ridge calcification: a common transesophageal echocardiography finding with uncertain implications. Anesth Analg. 2009 Jul; 109(1):32-4.
Stechert MM, London MJ. Functional separation of the right atrium by an elongated eustachian valve. Anesth Analg. 2009 Feb; 108(2):443-5.
London MJ. Quo vadis, perioperative beta blockade? Are you "POISE'd" on the brink? Anesth Analg. 2008 Apr; 106(4):1025-30.
London MJ. Beta blockers and alpha2 agonists for cardioprotection. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2008 Mar; 22(1):95-110.
Kertai MD, Varga KS, Royston D, London MJ, Szabolcs Z, Grebenik CR, Acsady G, Gal J. Aprotinin and perioperative complications in cardiac surgery. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2007 Dec; 48(6):761-72.
London MJ, Skubas N. Echo Rounds in evolution. Anesth Analg. 2007 Jul; 105(1):16-8.
London MJ. Con: Beta-blockers are indicated for all adults at increased risk undergoing noncardiac surgery. Anesth Analg. 2007 Jan; 104(1):11-4.
Hogue CW, London MJ. Aprotinin use during cardiac surgery: a new or continuing controversy? Anesth Analg. 2006 Nov; 103(5):1067-70.
London MJ. Assessment of left ventricular global systolic function by transoesophageal echocardiography. Ann Card Anaesth. 2006 Jul; 9(2):157-63.
London MJ. Beta-blockade in the perioperative period: where do we stand after all the trials? Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2006 Mar; 10(1):17-23.
London MJ, Henderson WG. Perioperative pharmacologic cardioprotection and sodium hydrogen ion exchange inhibitors: one step forward and two steps back? J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2005 Oct; 19(5):565-9.
London MJ, Itani KM, Perrino AC, Guarino PD, Schwartz GG, Cunningham F, Gottlieb SS, Henderson WG. Perioperative beta-blockade: a survey of physician attitudes in the department of Veterans Affairs. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2004 Feb; 18(1):14-24.
Ho PM, Arciniegas DB, Grigsby J, McCarthy M, McDonald GO, Moritz TE, Shroyer AL, Sethi GK, Henderson WG, London MJ, VillaNueva CB, Grover FL, Hammermeister KE. Predictors of cognitive decline following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Feb; 77(2):597-603; discussion 603.
London MJ, Zaugg M, Schaub MC, Spahn DR. Perioperative beta-adrenergic receptor blockade: physiologic foundations and clinical controversies. Anesthesiology. 2004 Jan; 100(1):170-5.
O'Brien MM, Shroyer AL, Moritz TE, London MJ, Grunwald GK, Villanueva CB, Thottapurathu LG, MaWhinney S, Marshall G, McCarthy M, Henderson WG, Sethi GK, Grover FL, Hammermeister KE. Relationship between processes of care and coronary bypass operative mortality and morbidity. Med Care. 2004 Jan; 42(1):59-70.
London MJ. Perioperative beta blockades: facts and controversies. Ann Card Anaesth. 2003 Jul; 6(2):117-25.
Neumayer L, Jonasson O, Fitzgibbons R, Henderson W, Gibbs J, Carrico CJ, Itani K, Kim L, Pappas T, Reda D, Dunlop D, McCarthy M, Hynes D, Giobbie-Hurder A, London MJ, Hatton-Ward S. Tension-free inguinal hernia repair: the design of a trial to compare open and laparoscopic surgical techniques. J Am Coll Surg. 2003 May; 196(5):743-52.
London MJ. Beta-adrenergic-receptor blockade and myocardial ischemia: something old, something new. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2002 Dec; 16(6):667-9.
London MJ, Moritz TE, Henderson WG, Sethi GK, O'Brien MM, Grunwald GK, Beckman CB, Shroyer AL, Grover FL. Standard versus fiberoptic pulmonary artery catheterization for cardiac surgery in the Department of Veterans Affairs: a prospective, observational, multicenter analysis. Anesthesiology. 2002 Apr; 96(4):860-70.
London MJ. Multilead precordial ST-segment monitoring: "the next generation?". Anesthesiology. 2002 Feb; 96(2):259-61.
Skidmore KL, London MJ. Myocardial ischemia. Monitoring to diagnose ischemia: how do I monitor therapy? Anesthesiol Clin North Am. 2001 Dec; 19(4):651-72.
London MJ, Grunwald GK, Shroyer AL, Grover FL. Association of fast-track cardiac management and low-dose to moderate-dose glucocorticoid administration with perioperative hyperglycemia. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2000 Dec; 14(6):631-8.
London MJ, Shroyer AL, Grover FL. Fast tracking into the new millennium: an evolving paradigm. Anesthesiology. 1999 Oct; 91(4):911-5.
Almassi GH, Sommers T, Moritz TE, Shroyer AL, London MJ, Henderson WG, Sethi GK, Grover FL, Hammermeister KE. Stroke in cardiac surgical patients: determinants and outcome. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999 Aug; 68(2):391-7; discussion 397-8.
London MJ, Shroyer AL, Coll JR, MaWhinney S, Fullerton DA, Hammermeister KE, Grover FL. Early extubation following cardiac surgery in a veterans population. Anesthesiology. 1998 Jun; 88(6):1447-58.
Mitchell MB, Brown JM, London MJ. Cardiac entrapment during minimally invasive aortic valve replacement. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Oct; 64(4):1171-3.
London MJ, Shroyer AL, Jernigan V, Fullerton DA, Wilcox D, Baltz J, Brown JM, MaWhinney S, Hammermeister KE, Grover FL. Fast-track cardiac surgery in a Department of Veterans Affairs patient population. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Jul; 64(1):134-41.
Gelb AB, Roth RI, Levin J, London MJ, Noall RA, Hauck WW, Cloutier M, Verrier E, Mangano DT. Changes in blood coagulation during and following cardiopulmonary bypass: lack of correlation with clinical bleeding. Am J Clin Pathol. 1996 Jul; 106(1):87-99.
London MJ. Validation testing of the SEER real-time digital holter monitor. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1996 Jun; 10(4):497-501.
London MJ, Brown JM, Campbell DN, Keller ME. Unsuspected aortic valve vegetation detected during intraoperative transesophageal echocardiographic monitoring for coronary artery bypass grafting. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1996 Feb; 10(2):253-7.
London MJ, Ahlstrom LD. Validation testing of the spacelabs PC2 ST-segment analyzer. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1995 Dec; 9(6):684-93.
London MJ, Shroyer AL, Grover FL, Sethi GK, Moritz TE, Henderson WG, VillaNueva CB, Tobler HG, McCarthy MJ, Hammermeister KE. Evaluating anesthesia health care delivery for cardiac surgery. The role of process and structure variables. Med Care. 1995 Oct; 33(10 Suppl):OS66-75.
Shroyer AL, London MJ, Sethi GK, Marshall G, Grover FL, Hammermeister KE. Relationships between patient-related risk factors, processes, structures, and outcomes of cardiac surgical care. Conceptual models. Med Care. 1995 Oct; 33(10 Suppl):OS26-34.
McCarthy MJ, Shroyer AL, Sethi GK, Moritz TE, Henderson WG, Grover FL, London MJ, Gibbs JO, Lansky D, Miller D. Self-report measures for assessing treatment outcomes in cardiac surgery patients. Med Care. 1995 Oct; 33(10 Suppl):OS76-85.
Shroyer AL, London MJ, VillaNueva CB, Sethi GK, Marshall G, Moritz TE, Henderson WG, McCarthy MJ, Grover FL, Hammermeister KE. The Processes, Structures, and Outcomes of Care in Cardiac Surgery study protocol. Med Care. 1995 Oct; 33(10 Suppl):OS17-25.
VillaNueva CB, Ludwig ST, Shroyer AL, Deegan NI, Steeger JE, London MJ, Sethi GK, Grover FL, Hammermeister KE. Variations in the processes and structures of cardiac surgery nursing care. Med Care. 1995 Oct; 33(10 Suppl):OS59-65.
London MJ. Advances in anesthesia monitoring. Surg Technol Int. 1995; IV:79-84.
London MJ, Franks M, Verrier ED, Merrick SH, Levin J, Mangano DT. The safety and efficacy of ten percent pentastarch as a cardiopulmonary bypass priming solution. A randomized clinical trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1992 Aug; 104(2):284-96.
Eisenberg MJ, London MJ, Leung JM, Browner WS, Hollenberg M, Tubau JF, Tateo IM, Schiller NB, Mangano DT. Monitoring for myocardial ischemia during noncardiac surgery. A technology assessment of transesophageal echocardiography and 12-lead electrocardiography. The Study of Perioperative Ischemia Research Group. JAMA. 1992 Jul 08; 268(2):210-6.
Hollenberg M, Mangano DT, Browner WS, London MJ, Tubau JF, Tateo IM. Predictors of postoperative myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. The Study of Perioperative Ischemia Research Group. JAMA. 1992 Jul 08; 268(2):205-9.
Partridge BL, Barash PG, London MJ, McCann HA. Automated St-segment trending: what does it mean? J Clin Monit. 1992 Jan; 8(1):66-73.
London MJ. Advances in Anaesthetic Monitoring for the 1990s. Surg Technol Int. 1991 Nov; I:51-57.
O'Kelly BF, Tubau JF, Knight AA, London MJ, Verrier ED, Mangano DT. Measurement of left ventricular contractility using transesophageal echocardiography in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The Study of Perioperative Ischemia (SPI) Research Group. Am Heart J. 1991 Oct; 122(4 Pt 1):1041-9.
Mangano DT, London MJ, Tubau JF, Browner WS, Hollenberg M, Krupski W, Layug EL, Massie B. Dipyridamole thallium-201 scintigraphy as a preoperative screening test. A reexamination of its predictive potential. Study of Perioperative Ischemia Research Group. Circulation. 1991 Aug; 84(2):493-502.
Mangano DT, Hollenberg M, Fegert G, Meyer ML, London MJ, Tubau JF, Krupski WC. Perioperative myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery--I: Incidence and severity during the 4 day perioperative period. The Study of Perioperative Ischemia (SPI) Research Group. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1991 Mar 15; 17(4):843-50.
Mangano DT, Wong MG, London MJ, Tubau JF, Rapp JA. Perioperative myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery--II: Incidence and severity during the 1st week after surgery. The Study of Perioperative Ischemia (SPI) Research Group. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1991 Mar 15; 17(4):851-7.
Mangano DT, Browner WS, Hollenberg M, London MJ, Tubau JF, Tateo IM. Association of perioperative myocardial ischemia with cardiac morbidity and mortality in men undergoing noncardiac surgery. The Study of Perioperative Ischemia Research Group. N Engl J Med. 1990 Dec 27; 323(26):1781-8.
London MJ, Tubau JF, Wong MG, Layug E, Hollenberg M, Krupski WC, Rapp JH, Browner WS, Mangano DT. The "natural history" of segmental wall motion abnormalities in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. S.P.I. Research Group. Anesthesiology. 1990 Oct; 73(4):644-55.
London MJ. Pro: colloids should be added to the pump prime. J Cardiothorac Anesth. 1990 Jun; 4(3):401-5.
Knight AA, Hollenberg M, London MJ, Mangano DT. Myocardial ischemia in patients awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting. Am Heart J. 1989 Jun; 117(6):1189-95.
London MJ, Ho JS, Triedman JK, Verrier ED, Levin J, Merrick SH, Hanley FL, Browner WS, Mangano DT. A randomized clinical trial of 10% pentastarch (low molecular weight hydroxyethyl starch) versus 5% albumin for plasma volume expansion after cardiac operations. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1989 May; 97(5):785-97.
London MJ, Sybert PE, Mangano DT, Fisher DM, Bainton CR, Hickey RF. Surface-induced hypothermia: effects on coronary blood flow autoregulation and vascular reserve. J Surg Res. 1988 Nov; 45(5):481-95.
London MJ, Hollenberg M, Wong MG, Levenson L, Tubau JF, Browner W, Mangano DT. Intraoperative myocardial ischemia: localization by continuous 12-lead electrocardiography. Anesthesiology. 1988 Aug; 69(2):232-41.
Knight AA, Hollenberg M, London MJ, Tubau J, Verrier E, Browner W, Mangano DT. Perioperative myocardial ischemia: importance of the preoperative ischemic pattern. Anesthesiology. 1988 May; 68(5):681-8.
Tubau JF, Szlachcic J, London MJ, Hollenberg M, Mangano D, Massie BM. Systemic hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy and coronary artery disease. Am J Cardiol. 1987 Dec 14; 60(17):23I-28I.
Cason BA, Verrier ED, London MJ, Mangano DT, Hickey RF. Effects of isoflurane and halothane on coronary vascular resistance and collateral myocardial blood flow: their capacity to induce coronary steal. Anesthesiology. 1987 Nov; 67(5):665-75.
London MJ. Anesthesiology: the choice of anesthesia in myocardial ischemia. West J Med. 1986 May; 144(5):600-1.