Clinical Resources

Patient Selection

Lumbar laminectomy, discectomy

Posterior Fossa Craniotomy, Decompression of Trigeminal Nerve (TIC) (CPT 61595) 

Minimally Invasive Epilepsy Treatment 

Laser Ablation of Intracranial Lesions (Visualase)

Excision of Pituitary Tumor, Transnasal (CPT 61548) 

Craniotomy for Excision of Meningioma (CPT 61512) 

Awake Craniotomy for Excision of Tumor with Speech Mapping using dexmedetomidine  (CPT 61510, 61512) 

Craniotomy for Awake Seizure Surgery (CPT 61536, 61538-9) 

Deep Brain Electrode Implantation (DBS) (CPT 61862 and 61885) 


To ensure the integrity of the spinal cord and nerve roots especially at the site of surgery, while providing safe and adequate anesthesia.