Lekshmi Santhosh, MD, MA

Assistant Clinical Professor

Lekshmi Santhosh specializes in pulmonary and critical care medicine with a focus on medical education. She attends in the Medical ICU, the Neuro ICU, and on the Internal Medicine teaching wards, and has clinic in the Pulmonary Outpatient Faculty Practice at UCSF-Parnassus. She is the founder and physician faculty lead of the multidisciplinary post-COVID OPTIMAL Clinic at UCSF Health.

She serves as the Associate Program Director for the Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Fellowship. She obtained her Master's in Health Professions Education from UC-Berkeley. She gives clinical lectures to students, residents and fellows as well as interprofessional team members. Her primary interests in medical educational research are related to ICU transitions of care, women in leadership development, clinical reasoning, and subspecialty education career choice.

Widera E, Anderson WG, Santhosh L, McKee KY, Smith AK, Frank J. Family Meetings on Behalf of Patients with Serious Illness. N Engl J Med. 2020 Sep 10; 383(11):e71.
Santhosh L, Oh A, Alismail A, Breiburg A, Kaminski N, Carlos G, Jamil S. During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Lung Specialists of the World Implore You: Inhale Only Clean Air. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 Aug 14.
Santhosh L, Keenan BP, Jain S. The "Third Shift": A Path Forward to Recognizing and Funding Gender Equity Efforts. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020 Jul 31.
Jain S, Santhosh L. On Treatments and Tests Deferred: Preparing for Collateral Damage from COVID-19. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2020 Jul 15.
Santhosh L, Babik JM. Diversity of the Infectious Diseases Trainee Pipeline: The Future Looks Bright, but We Must Not Be Complacent. J Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 06; 222(3):511-513.
Sewell JL, Santhosh L, O'Sullivan PS. How do attending physicians describe cognitive overload among their workplace learners? Med Educ. 2020 Jul 06.
Santhosh L, Sewell J. Hospitalist and Intensivist Experiences of the "Open" Intensive Care Unit Environment: a Qualitative Exploration. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Aug; 35(8):2338-2346.
Santhosh L, Babik JM. Diversity in the Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Pipeline. Trends in Gender, Race, and Ethnicity among Applicants and Fellows. ATS Scholar. 2020; (2).
Santhosh L, Babik JM. Trends in Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Internal Medicine Subspecialty Fellowships From 2006 to 2018. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 02 05; 3(2):e1920482.
Steinbach TC, Adamson R, Carlos WG, Denson JL, Kritek PA, Santhosh L, Seam N, Wang TS, Çoruh B. Leadership Training in Pulmonary and Critical Care: A National Survey of Fellowship Program Directors. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2020 02; 17(2):243-246.
Heath JK, Dempsey TM, Santhosh L, Edgar L, Fessler HE. . Miles to Go Before We Sleep. Reforming the Pulmonary and Critical Care Milestones to Improve Trainee Assessment. ATS Scholar. 2020; 1(1).
Santhosh L. . From Bedrest to Balance. International Journal of Academic Medicine. 2019; 5(3):240-301.
Seam N, Richards JB, Kritek PA, Khemasuwan D, McCallister JW, Santhosh L, Prasad B, Bhargava S, Clay AS, Crotty Alexander LE. Design and Implementation of a Peer-Reviewed Medical Education Video Competition: The Best of American Thoracic Society Video Lecture Series. J Grad Med Educ. 2019 Oct; 11(5):592-596.
Hemmat S, Santhosh L. Diagnostic Error and Anchoring Bias in a Patient with Schizophrenia. Am J Med. 2020 03; 133(3):e98-e99.
Zejnullahu K, Santhosh L, Mourad M, Connor DM. Off Trail, On Track: an Exercise in Clinical Reasoning. J Gen Intern Med. 2019 10; 34(10):2282-2287.
Santhosh L, Chou CL, Connor DM. Diagnostic uncertainty: from education to communication. Diagnosis (Berl). 2019 06 26; 6(2):121-126.
Santhosh L, Abdoler E, Babik JM. Strategies to build a clinician-educator career. Clin Teach. 2020 04; 17(2):126-130.
Keenan B, Santhosh L, Thompson V, Harleman E. The Complex Problem of Women Trainees in Academic Medicine. J Hosp Med. 2019 03; 14(3):186-188.
Jamil S, Carlos WG, Leard L, Wang A, Santhosh L, Balmes J, Seam N, Dela Cruz CS. Wildfires Disaster Guidance: Tips for Staying Healthy during Wildfires. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 01 15; 199(2):P3-P4.
Santhosh L, Lyons PG, Rojas JC, Ciesielski TM, Beach S, Farnan JM, Arora V. Characterising ICU-ward handoffs at three academic medical centres: process and perceptions. BMJ Qual Saf. 2019 08; 28(8):627-634.
Zapata CB, Santhosh L. We May Not "Have It All," But We Can Make It Better through Structural Changes. J Hosp Med. 2018 12; 13(12):877-878.
Lekshmi Santhosh, Jennifer Babik. 1322. Impact of Hospital Medicine on Trends in Infectious Diseases and Other Subspecialty Fellowship Applications. Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 2018 Nov 26; 5(suppl_1):s404-s404.
Santhosh L, Raffel K, Ranji SR. Diving Into Diagnostic Uncertainty: Strategies to Mitigate Cognitive Load: In Reference to: "Focused Ethnography of Diagnosis in Academic Medical Centers". J Hosp Med. 2018 11; 13(11):804.
Santhosh L, Brown W, Ferreira J, Niroula A, Carlos WG. Practical Tips for ICU Bedside Teaching. Chest. 2018 10; 154(4):760-765.
Santhosh L, Koth L, Baudendistel TE, Sharpe B, Monash B. Tissue Isn't the Issue. J Hosp Med. 2018 07 01; 13(7):500-504.
Lekshmi Santhosh, Brian Daniel, Michael Matthay. 1018. Critical Care Medicine. 2018 Jan 1; 46(1):493.
Santhosh L, Jain S, Brady A, Sharp M, Carlos WG. Intensive Care Unit Educators: A Multicenter Evaluation of Behaviors Residents Value in Attending Physicians. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Apr; 14(4):513-516.
Santhosh L, Babik J, Looney MR, Hollander H. Whither the Pulmonary Ward Attending? Preserving Subspecialty Exposure in United States Internal Medicine Residency Training. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Apr; 14(4):565-568.
Lekshmi Santhosh, Raman Khanna. Medicine Enters the Computer Age. Distracted Doctoring. 2017 Jan 1; 5-16.
Lekshmi Santhosh, James Frank. 1665. Critical Care Medicine. 2016 Dec 1; 44(12):491.
Lekshmi Santhosh, Brian Schwartz, Peter Chin-Hong. The “Building Blocks” of Antiretrovirals: Development, Implementation and Evaluation of a Novel Curricular Tool to Teach Trainees About HIV Therapeutics. Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 2015 Dec 9; 2(suppl_1):441.
Santhosh L, Meriwether M, Saucedo C, Reyes R, Cheng C, Clark B, Tipperman D, Schroeder SA. From the sidelines to the frontline: how the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration embraced smoking cessation. Am J Public Health. 2014 May; 104(5):796-802.
Santhosh L, Estok KM, Vogel RS, Tamagnan GD, Baldwin RM, Mitsis EM, Macavoy MG, Staley JK, van Dyck CH. Regional distribution and behavioral correlates of 5-HT(2A) receptors in Alzheimer's disease with [(18)F]deuteroaltanserin and PET. Psychiatry Res. 2009 Sep 30; 173(3):212-7.
Klein AP, Kovac I, Sorant AJ, Baffoe-Bonnie A, Doan BQ, Ibay G, Lockwood E, Mandal D, Santhosh L, Weissbecker K, Woo J, Zambelli-Weiner A, Zhang J, Naiman DQ, Malley J, Bailey-Wilson JE. Importance sampling method of correction for multiple testing in affected sib-pair linkage analysis. BMC Genet. 2003 Dec 31; 4 Suppl 1:S73.
Honors and Awards: 
Alison Clay Early Career Educator Award, American Thoracic Society, 2020
Emerging Educator Award, Association of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine Program Directors, 2020
Bridges Curriculum - Foundations 1 and 2 Teaching Award - Outstanding Lecture, UCSF, 2019
CHEST/ACCP Early Career Professional Development Scholarship Award, CHEST/ACCP, 2018
UCSF School of Medicine Pathways to Discovery 2017-2018 Long-Term Mentor Award, UCSF, 2018
Research in Medical Education Award, Association of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine Program Directors, 2017
Best Oral Research Presentation Award, Western Group on Educational Affairs (WGEA/AAMC), 2017
Best Clinical Fellow Award, Division of Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine (2-time winner), UCSF, 2016-2017
Teaching Excellence Award for Cherished House Staff (T.E.A.C.H.) Winner, UCSF, 2016
UCSF Excellence and Innovation in Graduate Medical Education Award, UCSF, 2016
Edward A. Bouchet Fellowship for Undergraduate Research, Yale University, 2007